Book for outline quotations
Social Research Methods 4th Edition David Dooley
Dictionary Websters 11th Collegiate Dictionary
I. RESEARCH QUESTION
Primary study: Communist Economic Warfare
Secondary Study: Domination of the International Market Place
Are they using primary to accomplish secondary?
Put them to together and you have what I want to know.
Backdraft questions that the major question will hopefully answer without having to ask.
Does Chinese Communist Economic Warfare exist?
Is the heavy reliance on communist economics causing a service bell curve reliance?
Is the service bell curve constantly crashing?
Is the Service bell curve a stable industrial curve?
Is the idea of global communism causing economic imbalances?
Does the Chinese Communist Party use their state capitalism unfairly?
Does recapitalization of Chinese SOE's cause the rest of the world to bail out their business?
Is the international anti-trust regulations the proper way to balance any international imbalances?
Do the Communist gain ground when the free societies service bell curves send them through trough cycles?
Why do the Communist Need their massive conglomerated SOE's if they have very competitive free enterprises in those industries?
I like everybody that plays fair and likes economic and civil freedoms.
Now it is time to talk to the talk. I want a good audience so I have to pay in a loan take out around $15,000 on how to properly be educated to present to our Legislative branch; hopefully that is my MA.
Exogenous construct causes come from outside the theory. Exogenous constructs have straight casual arrows leading away from but not to them. In their measured form, such variables go by the name independent variables because they are independent of (not caused by) the other variables in the model.
This linkage has many exceptions, and the degree of the concurrence remains to be estimated.
Endogenous construct causes appear in the model. The manifest or measured form of endogenous construct go by the name dependent variables because their values or levels depend on the causal variables.
Direct causal paths in a theory a simple, one-way causal connection between two constructs.
Reciprocal causation in a theory a two-way causal connection between tow constructs in which each causes the other.
Indirect Causation In a theory, a set of two or more causal connections by which one construct causes a second indirectly via one or more intervening constructs.
Intervening variable Measured variable in a hypothesis test, or a theoretical variable in a theory that is the effect of one variable and a casue of another.
Why have theories?
Action The word theory connotes ivory towers where theorists take flights of fancy that have little to do with real life or averae people. In fact, most theorists have real-world concens in mind when they develop their ideas and can justify their efforts by pointing to social choices that their work could affect. Indeed nothing, is so practical as a good theory.
Theories serve us in two major ways. First, theories meet our need to act even when we are uncertain. The necessity to act often forces us to guess about how the world works. Until we can replace our guesses with laws, we want to make our guesses the very best that they can be. We can think of theories as carefully reviewed and comprehensive guesses. Good theories have coherence, logic and internal consistency." research methodology book notes
"Coherence: integration of diverse elements, relationships or interest [to be consistent]
Logic: a science that deals with the principles and criteria of validity of inference and demonstration: the science of formal principles of reasoning. (2) c interrelation or sequence of facts or events when seen as inevitable or predictable
Criteria: a standard on which a decision may be made or based 2 characterizing trait or mark.
Validity: 1 having a legal efficacy or force executed with the proper legal authority and formalities 2a well grounded or justifiable being at once relevant and meaning ful 3 appropriate to the end in view 4 confroming to accepted principles of sound classification
Inference: the act of pasin from one process of judgment considered as true to another whose truth is believed to follow from that of the former b the act of passing from statistcal sample data to generalizations with caluclated degree of certaintity.
Principles: a comprehensive and fundamental law, doctrine of assumption b(1)rule of code' of conduct b an ingredient that exhibits or imparts a characteristic quality
Internal consistency: is the extent to which tests or procedures assess the same characteristic, skill or quality. It is a measure of the precision between the observers or of the measuring instruments used in a study. This type of reliability often helps researchers interpret data and predict the value of scores and the limits of the relationship among variables."
Back to the olodogy
"More than that, good theories integrate existing thoughts and data, taking into account both agreements and disagreemnets among observers [this is important I want to make sure to create more than a presumptional rebuttal, I must also outline the communist views that it was the free marjets fault for the crash, which is a blow back answer to the primary question] Well-researched and well-argued theories can persuade policy makers better than can wild guesses. Plausible theories can contribute to very important social policy decisions."
Back to it:
"Theroeis prove useful in a second way by guiding research. Scholars know that theories are only tentative, temporary ways of seeing o fthe world, awaiting futher research. But the world poses a great many questions. How does one single out of any one question for the study? Theory serves to specify the most crucial questions. Better theories point to better questions, that is, those that merit out interests and that will yield to our methods. Worthy questions do not already have the answers. To pursue an already answered question wastes our time and makes no new contribution. However, we should distinguish redundenat studies on an already answered question from those on a qeustion that remains unsolved. [much like the question I propose to imperically answer]
Good questions should also be answereable. Some important questions, such as What casues poverty? or What causes war? will provce too large to answer in any single study with our present methods. [that is why I propose just the economics between the Communsit Chinese and their ability to use it to conquer others economics. It is simple idea of a specific countries economics through the scope of constructs of the free world economics v. Communist economics along with the variables of free enterprise and market forces v the marxist centralized economic planning and SOE's.] Researchers divide great social problems into smaller questions that remains unsolved. [my question however, is just a smaller version of why the world economics crashed. It takes a small comparatively study of the communist manifest of economic warfare. Thus providing an answer to a very intriguing question. Is the Communist empire using economic warfare to dominate free market forces? However, the way I have framed my question allows me to interceed a new study into the area of economics. Which is economic warfare. As from what I have seen many economists have forgotten that it is questioned that the Communist did and do use their political ideas to implement economic strategies in the form of soft power warfare.] Good theories map a series of manageable tasks, which together will solve the great puzzle. [The manegable tasks at hand are the show communist ideas of complete domination and overthrow of opposition, then that economic warfare through soft power not hard power does exist, then data collection that the allowance of communist economics in the free world competition unchecked is harmfull, then show the harm. Whil rapping it up with the solution of use of Senator Sherman's life long work of the anti-trust laws and their amendments. Which was created to deal with capitalist communist and their massive uncompeitive marketplace entities and can easily be applied to state capitalist or communists as most know them.]
Answerable questions suggest cliams that can be disconfirmed. [Which the Communist party has already done] Good theories produce clear predictions that data can support or contradict. [the use of state capitalism v. free enterprise is causing economic imbalance due to unfair trade. Easy to collect easy to predict easy to see. Alos easy to contradict, except when I am done I suspect it will not be.] Good theories produce clear predictions that data can support or contradict. [much like my professional prediction I will use after this question is confirmed or disconfirmed regarding the service business cycles role in the US's boom busts and the prediction for the next one based on our debts and ability to keep gaining debt if we do not start paying it off.]
Good theories run the risk of being shown wrong. [I would expect nothing less from my opposition]
Theory serves to organize research [that is what I need for this blog cite and my presentation to the leaders of this free society.]
NOMOTHETIC refers to the study of general laws or properties. This approach strives to discover regular patterns that hold in different times and places. That research can use a common set of concepts or diminesions to describe [the futre movements of the theorized primary study]
IDIOGRAPHIC approach focues on the particular of the individual person, place, or time under study withuot trying to generalize or [&] discovery universal laws.
The process of theory based research
Steps in Making and Using theory
Theory-based research consists of a few repeating steps: induction, deduction, and tests.
In the induction phase, we connect general principles or relationships that might explain specific observations, anecdotes, or research results. In moving from the particular to the general, we are creating theory. Sometimes, we can trace such ideas to earlier theories or analogies borrowed from other disciplines.
Theory need not simply summarize observed relationships. Theory can also express the theorist's guesses about unobserved relations. The theorist may invent new concepts and predict new links between concepts. [only if the primary element of historical data is there] Thus, theory comes partially from data and partially from speculation.
The theorist's special interests and training will help orient him or her toward one or another broad area.
The next step in theory based research, draws specific assertions or claims form general theoritical principles. A theory that has many constructts and causal paths can provide more than one such claim. Drawing of specific asssertions from general principles.
Hypothesis Testing and Operationalization
To test a theory or any of its components, we must find a way to make concrete the constructs of each proposition and to observe them in some particular subject. [Thus making a presumable rebuttal much harder to muster with a specific concreate observation and test.] In order to translate a construct into a tangible, observable form, we must make an operational definition.
Operational definition: Procedure that translates a construct into manifest or observable form.
When we operationalize a proposition (that is, translate its constructs into observable form), it becomes a hypothesis. A hypothesis consists of a prediction about the relations among operational terms.
Hypothesis testing, the third basic step in social research, brings theory and reality face to face with each other. If the observed data do not fit our hypothesis, we are inclicned to reject the hypothesis and to doubt the theory from which we deduced it. Any mismatch of specific data with theory tends to lower our confidence in or falsify the theory, assuming that we have conduceted the hypothesis test well.
Since theory should hold for all cases within the theory's domain, only tests of the theory in all relevant cases would give conclusive proof. [I wonder if the idea of win win would suffice for this. As the communist have this idea that by doing business with them and allowing them to gain the production edge which allows them to gain the fuel edge, which then allows them to gain the one world currency edge, in which allows them to control through a single political ideological perpsective. Would that suffice, the baby and t-ball idea of win win. There is no win win in business. Someone is getting the upper hand each transaction. If I have x and you have y. We want to trade. I will only trade if I believe it benefits me, and you will only trade if it benefits you. Then we just have to see who wants to benefit less.]
2. Their help of Venezeula's Hugo Chavez to illegally take over a free enterprise of the US and then turn around and unfairly create anti-trust contracts with the communist party in the name of the communist party international, one world domination.